Ever since the unexpected ‘leave’ vote in the 2016 Brexit referendum, people have been searching for explanations. A myriad of reasons have been postulated, including the role of a voter’s age, gender or level of education. Others have considered whether the ‘Leave Campaign’ may have mobilised an increase in xenophobic attitudes by inciting a fear of foreigners.
In order to try and gain some insight, a group of researchers from institutions across the UK, Poland and Portugal conducted a study to measure the effect of xenophobia on voting behaviour. Unsurprisingly, they found that the belief that immigrants to the UK threaten the country was strongly related to the tendency to vote in favour of Brexit – regardless of age, gender or education level.